top of page

Geographic Details



Ministry Location

Balaghat ward no 11 budi area pin 481001 madhya Pradesh state North India
Bhilai ,chhatishgarh state; Bargarh Orissa state


Director Arvind Deep ward no 11 budi balaghat Madhya Pradesh North India pin 481001


Information about India


Land area = 2.4 % of the total land-area in the world.

Population = 1.2 billion or 16 percent of the world's population.

  • There are approximately 700,000 villages scattered throughout India.

  • 76% of India's population resides in villages.

  • 7.7% of India's population live within tribal groups.

  • There are 630 different ethnic groups in India.



  • There are 15 major languages in India.

  • There are 1,652+ language dialects in India.



  • The caste system of India includes: 3000 major castes, these are the upper class of society.

  • 13,000 sub-castes, these are the middle class.

  • 22,000 clans, these are the low caste "untouchables" people groups, accounting for 16% of the population.



  • In India there are 333,000,000 different gods.

  • Distribution of religious groups:

  • Hindus = 80% of the population

  • Muslims = 12% of the population

  • Christians = 5% of the population (including Catholics)

  • Sheiks and others = 3% of the population




Geographic Facts Regarding India


The Geography of India describes the geographic features of India, a country in South Asia. India lies largely on the Indian Plate, the northern portion of the Indo-Australian Plate, whose continental crust forms the Indian subcontinent.


The country is situated north of the equator between 8°4' and 37°6' north latitude and 68°7' and 97°25' east longitude.[2] It is the seventh-largest country in the world, with a total area of 3,166,414 square kilometres (1,222,559 sq mi).[3]


India measures 3,214 km (1,997 mi) from north to south and 2,933 km (1,822 mi) from east to west. It has a land frontier of 15,200 km (9,445 mi) and a coastline of 7,517 km (4,671 mi).[4]


On the south, India projects into and is bounded by the Indian Ocean – in particular, by the Arabian Sea on the southwest, the Laccadive Sea to the south, and the Bay of Bengal on the southeast.


The Palk Strait and Gulf of Mannar separate India from Sri Lanka to its immediate southeast, and the Maldives are some 400 kilometres (250 mi) to the southwest. India's Andaman and Nicobar Islands, some 1,200 kilometres (750 mi) southeast of the mainland, share maritime borders with Burma, Thailand and Indonesia. Kanyakumari at 8°4′41″N and 77°32′28″E is the southernmost tip of the Indian mainland, while the southernmost point in India is Indira Point on Great Nicobar Island.[4] India's territorial waters extend into the sea to a distance of 12 nautical miles (13.8 mi; 22.2 km) from the coast baseline.[5]


The northern frontiers of India are defined largely by the Himalayan mountain range, where the country borders China, Bhutan, and Nepal. Its western border with Pakistan lies in the Punjab Plain and the Thar Desert.


In the far northeast, the Chin Hills and Kachin Hills, deeply forested mountainous regions, separate India from Burma. On the east, its border with Bangladesh is largely defined by the Khasi Hills and Mizo Hills, and the watershed region of the Indo-Gangetic Plain.[clarification needed]


The Ganges is the longest river originating in India. The Ganges–Brahmaputra system occupies most of northern, central, and eastern India, while the Deccan Plateau occupies most of southern India. Kangchenjunga, on the border between Nepal and the Indian state of Sikkim, is the highest point in India at 8,598 m (28,209 ft) and the world's 3rd highest peak.


Climate across India ranges from equatorial in the far south, to alpine and tundra in the upper reaches of the Himalayas.


Source: From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

bottom of page